OAED is a legal entity of public law supervised by the Hellenic Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs. It is directed by its Governor and Administrative Board. The Administrative Board’s composition is based on the principle of tripartite representation, since, not only state bodies but also employers’ and employees’ associations participate into it, as representatives of social partners.
The Governor of OAED is the Administrative Board’s President, who is the chief administrative and executive officer responsible for the implementation of all the relevant laws, regulations, and decisions. The Administrative Board is entitled to decide upon any issue beyond the Governor’s responsibility. The Governor may transfer his responsibilities to the two Vice Presidents (one of the employers’ and one of the employees’ side).
The operation of OAED is based on the following three pillars: (i) promotion to employment; (ii) unemployment insurance and social protection of maternity and family; (iii) vocational education and training.
OAED is the public authority and central structure managing:
1. Active Labour Market Policies (ALMPs) for combating unemployment, promoting employment, and vocational training for both unemployed and employed citizens.
2. Passive Labour Market Policies (PLMPs) concerning unemployment insurance measures (regular unemployment benefit) and other social security benefits and allowances (family allowance, maternity allowance etc.).
3. ALMPs that offer vocational education and training combined with the implementation of Apprenticeship. at 50 Vocational Schools (EPAS) all over Greece.
OAED’s main policy axes may be summarized as follows:
1. Employment Promotion through programmes aiming to reduce (a) wage labour costs (b) non-wage labour costs, by subsidizing social insurance contributions, facilitating transport from/and to work, with special emphasis placed on the population groups most severely affected by unemployment, as well as vulnerable population groups.
2. Cooperation with social and local bodies within the framework of local employment programmes, in which the local PES (KPA2) play a central role.
3. Counselling Services to unemployed people.
4. Promotion of employees and employers’ adaptability in conjunction with employment preservation.
5. Implementation of the Apprenticeship System at OAED VET Schools (EPAS).
6. Matching of Work Supply and Demand with the support of Employment Counsellors and through the new OAED portal.
7. EURES network for the matching of work supply and demand at European level.
OAED operates a Central Administration, seven Regional Directorates, the network of 117 local Public Employment Services (PES) –also known as Employment Promotion Centres (KPA2) in which career counsellors with experise in adult consulting are employed. In the field of Vocational Education and Training (VET) it operates 49 Apprenticeship VET Schools (EPAS), 30 Vocational Training Institutes (IEK), 30 Career Offices for VET students and graduates and 6 Continuous VET Centres ( KEK) and 2 Continuous VET Centres ( KEK) for disabled persons.
At the EPAS and IEK schools of OAED, approximately 10,000 students are enrolled annually while 480 permanent teachers and 1750 hourly-paid teachers are employed.